Understanding the colligative property of solutions that elevates boiling point.
Using specific heat to predict the amount of heat absorbed or released in reactions.
Using Gay-Lussac's Law to understand the relationship between a gas' pressure and temperature.
How to draw and interpret phase diagrams.
Understanding and applying Boyle's Law
The factors which affect the rate of a reaction.
The differences between elements and compounds.
The different types of chemical reactions.
How to use and convert scientific units.
Understanding the different parts of the electromagnetic spectrum.
How to recognize different types of solutions.
Different ways to represent the concentration of a solution.
Understanding the differences between colloids and suspensions.
Understanding the differences between empirical and molecular formulas.
Understanding the difference between homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibrium.