How to recognize different types of solutions.
How acids and bases are used in buffered solutions.
Understanding equilibrium systems.
Understanding and solving thermochemical equations.
How to write a skeletal chemical equation.
How to write a net ionic equation.
How to balance a chemical equation.
The process of surrounding solute with solvent.
Different ways to represent the concentration of a solution.
The properties of homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures.
Understanding the colligative property of solutions that elevates boiling point.
Understanding the colligative property of solutions that decreases the freezing point.
How to use heat of formation in thermochemical problems.