Understanding acid-base conjugate pairs.
The properties of acids and bases.
How the strength of acids and bases influences neutralization reactions.
Understanding the bronsted-lowery model of acids and bases.
How acids and bases are used in buffered solutions.
How neutralization reactions produce salts.
How pH and pOH represent the concentration.
Understanding equilibrium systems.
Understanding the variations in the structure and composition of individual molecules with the same chemical formula.