Understanding types and characteristics of radioactivity.
The effects of radioactive isotopes.
The different types of nuclear reactions.
Understanding the alpha decay of radioactive substances.
Understanding the half-life of a radioactive substance.
Understanding the two types of beta-decay of radioactive substances.
How radioactive elements change their identities through transmutation.
How radioactive substances undergo fission to reach more stable states.
How radioactive substances undergo fusion to reach more stable states.