Understanding the concept of heat.
How to measure heat.
The heat involved in reactions which involve fusion or vaporization.
Using specific heat to predict the amount of heat absorbed or released in reactions.
How to use heat of formation in thermochemical problems.
Review significant women by examining movements such as temperance, suffrage, and liberation.
Understanding the concept of enthalpy.
Understanding the concept of temperature.
Understanding and applying the second law of thermodynamics.
Understanding how to measure the heat from a chemical reaction using a bomb calorimeter.