Understanding acid-base conjugate pairs.
How to assign names to acids.
The properties of acids and bases.
How the strength of acids and bases influences neutralization reactions.
The description and mechanistic functions of nucleic acids.
Understanding equilibrium systems.
Understanding the bronsted-lowery model of acids and bases.
How acids and bases are used in buffered solutions.
How neutralization reactions produce salts.
How pH and pOH represent the concentration.
The description and importance of proteins.