Understanding changes in matter.
How Le Chatlier changes affect chemical equilibrium.
Understanding acid-base conjugate pairs.
The properties of acids and bases.
How the strength of acids and bases influences neutralization reactions.
How to predict and understand the circumstances under which matter changes phase.
Understanding the bronsted-lowery model of acids and bases.
Understanding how electrical energy produces chemical changes.
How radioactive elements change their identities through transmutation.
How acids and bases are used in buffered solutions.
How neutralization reactions produce salts.
How pH and pOH represent the concentration.
Understanding equilibrium systems.
How to draw and interpret phase diagrams.