Understanding the bronsted-lowery model of acids and bases.
The properties of acids and bases.
How to assign names to acids.
Understanding acid-base conjugate pairs.
How the strength of acids and bases influences neutralization reactions.
The description and mechanistic functions of nucleic acids.
How acids and bases are used in buffered solutions.
The process of protein synthesis.
How neutralization reactions produce salts.
How pH and pOH represent the concentration.
Understanding equilibrium systems.
The description and importance of proteins.
Types of various plant hormones.