In right triangle trigonometry (for acute angles only), the tangent is defined as the ratio of the opposite side to the adjacent side. The unit circle definition is tan(theta)=y/x or tan(theta)=sin(theta)/cos(theta). The tangent function is negative whenever sine or cosine, but not both, are negative: the second and fourth quadrants. Tangent is also equal to the slope of the terminal side.
Sample Problems (2)
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