the question you posted is in slope intercept form which is; y = mx+b. m=slope, and b= y intercept.
here, you have b or y intercept = -4. so, in a form of coordinate it is (0,-4) plot it.
moving on, as we know slope = rise / run.
now, you have your slope = 1 in the equation.
which also means its 1/1. so you rise from the coordinate you plot earlier (0,-4) one step but dont mark a point. instead, run to your right one and mark a point, and from this point go up one and right one ; mark. keep going. and draw a line.