What civilizations were claiming Ottoman territory, shrinking its empire?
What was the significance of the Tanzimat Reforms? (i.e. what changes did they make?)
What changes did the Young Turks bring about in the Ottoman Empire?
What were the major accomplishments of Muhammad Ali in Egypt?
Why didnâ€™t the British want him to topple the Ottoman sultan?
What were the two major views about Westernization that divided the Islamic world?
Describe the major features of the Qing (Manchu) dynasty, Chinaâ€™s last.
How was the Qing Dynasty similar to and different from the earlier Mongol (Yuan) dynasty?
What were the internal causes of Chinaâ€™s decline?
How did external (i.e. Western) pressures contribute to the collapse of imperial China?
Describe the role of the Opium War, Taiping Rebellion, and Boxer Uprising in Chinaâ€™s decline.